RowingWooden Boats

Wooden Boats

The Dolphin Club has a unique fleet of historic rowing boats. They are all hand-made and lovingly maintained at our club-house. It’s a special privilege that is hard to find anywhere else in the world.

The Fleet

The design of many of our boats is the Dolphin Club Single – this design is a variant of the traditional Whitehall which was once a common sight along historic waterfronts. They’re good for moving people, cargo, and pleasure boating. The design was, and still is, treasured for its seaworthiness, carrying capacity and good looks.

The club has 12 DC singles, built mostly of Port Orford cedar and oak, that will be available for you to row once you’ve completed the orientation: Cecco, Bruno, Baggiani, Foster, Landucci, Wanderer, Kupuna, Semper Fi, and Commodore are mostly the same design. 

Good Luck is a slightly different design, but considered to be part of our Whitehall fleet It has lower gunwales than the others. 

Austin and Ring are also of a similar nature and more forgiving of bumps and scrapes. Ring is a flat bottom dory, and while stable can be more difficult to handle in strong winds.

Preparation

  • Check currents and winds and plan your row before doing anything else. 
  • Inspect your Boat. Check the condition and readiness of your boat, oars and equipment
  • Sign boat out in the Log;  
  • Bring a life vest aka “Personal Flotation Device” (PFD) and a signaling device such as a loud whistle or airhorn. 
  • Lubricate  the oarlocks, oar sleeves and buttons. Check the sliding seats and lubricate seat wheels with a drop of oil. 
  • Prepare the boat for launch. Move both oars to the far side of the boat (away from where you will board). Clear away any equipment to open a clear path into the boat

Launching

As part of launching our boats, you will be shown how to raise and lower the dock. It’s important that you do not lower the ramp more than is necessary.  

  • Wheel the boat down to the end of the dock, and stop before the apron. 
  • It helps to wet down the slipway on the apron to make it easier to slide the boat. There’s a bucket for this on the right. 
  • Use the blue chock to block the wheels of the boat dolly.
  • Raise the bow of the boat until the keel touches the apron then carefully slide the boat off the dolly, and down towards the end of the apron.  
  • If the ramp angle is steep, you may want to raise the ramp first to make it easier to control the boat. Push the boat to the end, tie-off the boat with a cleat hitch before lowering the dock.
  • Place dolly upside down on the side of the pier
  • With the boat against the apron double up the bow line and pass it through the rope ring. Double the line again and board the boat.
  • Get in the boat. 
  • Place oars in the oarlocks. 
  • Check for swimmers or other boats  and shove off carefully.

On the Water

Once you’re on the water, you’ll use standard rowing technique. More about this in the How to Row section of this guide.

Landing and Recovery

Returning from your row, slowly approach the end of the ramp with your bow into the direction of the current and/or wind. Arriving into the wind and current allows you to come in slowly and control your forward progress. If the wind or current are pushing you into the dock you can soon find yourself moving too quickly and unable to stop.

  • Stop a short distance out to look for other boats or swimmers
  • Place both oars inside the boat on the side away from the dock. Clear a path for exiting the boat.
  • Keep a hold of the bowline as you exit the boat.
  • Pull the boat, from the bow, onto the ramp.
  • Secure the bowline to a cleat to keep the boat from sliding back into the water.
  • Raise the ramp level with the pier
  • Go retrieve your boat’s dolly and place the blue wheel chock behind the wheels to block the dolly from rolling back on to the pier.
  • Pull the boat up onto the dolly. This is easier with help. Don’t be shy to ask for help from others on the dock. 
  • When the boat is correctly balanced, you should be able to press the bow of the boat down to the dock with your thumb. When you release it the bow should rise up and the keel return to the dock. 
  • Look for signs that other Dolphins are still out rowing (in wooden boats or shells). If others are still out, lower the ramp back to the water.

Putting the Boat Away

  • Return your PFD (Life Vest) to the rack
  • Wipe lubricant off the oarlocks and oars (paper towel just inside kitchen door)
  • Fully wipe down and dry the boat and oars. Remove the burden boards and dry and be sure to dry the lowest part of the keel where water tends to pool (or incur the undying enmity of the Boat Builder). (Boat rags can be found behind the long bar in the boat house)
  • Do not lean the oars against a wall while you wipe down the boat. A gust of wind will result in shattered oar blades.
  • Do not hose down the wooden boats with fresh water. There should be NO water, or salt stains in the boat. 
  • After the boat is dry, place the oars back inside the boat, on either side of the seat, with the blades in the stern and facing up. Coil the bow and stern lines
  • Carefully wheel it back into an open spot in the boathouse.
  • Log the boat in by completing your entry in the Rowing logbook. Note any damage or maintenance issues in the log (and/or notify the boat captain)

Parts of the Boat

The Dolphin Club Whitehalls are equipped with a “sliding seat”. The moving seat was a 19th century innovation for racing and pleasure rowing that increases stroke length and distance per stroke.

Here are some of the other parts of the boat that are important to know.

  • Bow and Stern: the bow is the front of the boat and the rear part is the stern. The line (rope)
  • Keel:  The strong structural element at the lowest point on the hull, running the length of the boat. On Dolphin wooden boats the keel is protected with a brass strip. 
  • Gunwale: (Pronounced “Gun’l”) The upper edge of the boat’s sides.
  • Transom: The flat planking across the stern. On a Whitehall boat the transom has a distinctive “wineglass” shape.
  • Burden Boards: The flooring boards laid in the bottom of the boat. These boards are designed to bear the weight of the rower. Do not step on the outer planking, or you might damage the boat. You should only put your weight on burden boards, thwarts, and seats.
  • Thwarts: The transverse or crossways bracing of the boat.
  • Foot Stretcher:  A specific thwart that includes foot braces and straps.
  • Oarlocks: Fittings that hold the oars when rowing, are the pivot that allows them to swing, and transfer the rower’s power to the boat. The oarlock is set in place with a “pin” inserted into a hole in the gunwale.
  • Button and Sleeve: The button is a flat plate on the oar that sits against the oarlock when the oar is in place. Place the button on the inside of the oarlock to prevent the oar from sliding outwards  The sleeve protects the oar from damage by the oarlock.
  • Bilge Guards: Also called bilge stringers, these are wooden strips running along the boat about 1/3 of the way from the keel towards the gunwale (upper edge). When the boat is sitting off of the dolly, it can be leaned over to rest on the bilge guard. Do not allow the boat to slam down onto these guards when it is sitting on its keel. Let the boat lean over slowly and carefully.
  • Lines: Ropes used in boats are referred to as ‘lines’. – The rowing boats have bow and stern lines. 

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